What are the duties of husband and wife in Islam?

The husband has duties towards his wife, and the wife has duties towards his husband as well, and among these duties are some which will be shared by both husband and wife.

What are the duties of husband and wife in Islam?

Assalamu Alaykum, Dear Readers today I am going to Discuss “duties of husband and wife in Islam” I will try to explain everything easily.

The husband has duties towards his wife, and the wife has duties towards his husband as well, and among these duties are some which will be shared by both husband and wife.

  1. Husband duties
  2. wife duties
  3. Mutual duties

Husband duties

A husband has some responsibilities towards his wife. The husband will try to fulfill those duties properly.

Good behavior with wife: Treating well with wife is one of the keys to family happiness. According to Islam, if a person behaves well with his wife then he is considered a good person. Our beloved prophet Mohammad (ﷺ) Said, The best person among you is the one who is Best to his family. And I am better to my family than you (At-Tirmidhi).

Helping their wife in his work: Narrated by Hazrat Aswad (Radiyallahu ‘Anhu) Ummul-Mu’minin Ayesha (Radiyallahu ‘Anha) was asked, what the Prophet (ﷺ) used to do with his wives at home? She said, “He used to help the wives in their work, and when it was time for the prayer, he would go to the prayer.” (Bukhari, 6039)

In Another Hadith, A man asked Ummul-Mu’minin Ayesha (Radiyallahu ‘Anha) what the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) use to do at home. Ayesha (Radiyallahu ‘Anha) said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to sew his clothes, mend his shoes and do what men do at home.” (Musnad Ahmad 24749)

It was clearly understood that the husband should help the wife with the housework and treat them well. It is one of the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ).

Romanticism: Ayesha (Radiyallahu Anha) said, “Once I went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) when I was young and not very fat. He said to his companions, “You go ahead” so they went ahead. Then he said to me, let’s race, I went ahead in the race.

Ayesha Siddiqa (Radiyallahu Ta’ala Anha) said, After that I became a little fat. After that, once on a trip, the Messenger of Allah, (ﷺ) again said to the companions, “You go ahead”, so they went ahead. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to me, “Come, let’s have a race.” He proceeded to race. He smiled and said, this is the answer to your previous competition (meaning you were first before, now I am first, so don’t get upset). (Nasa’i, Hadith No. 8894, Musnad Ahmad, Hadith No. 24119)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to give pleasure to his wives in various ways, made them happy, and loved them very much.

It is the Sunnah of the Prophet,(ﷺ), to have Romanticism with wife. Don’t do anything that is against Shariah. Everything must be done within the limits of Shariah.

Wife duties

Obedience to the husband: The first duty of a wife is to obey her husband’s orders and Obedience to him. A woman who is loyal and devoted to her husband has a great status in Islam.

The beloved Prophet (ﷺ) said: If a woman prays five times a day, observes the fast of Ramadan, protects her honor, and obeys her husband, she can enter Paradise through any door she wishes. (Sahih Ib-e- Hibban, Musnad-e-Ahmad)

Will not sadness her husband: It is the main responsibility of the wife not to cause grief and pain to her husband.

Imam Ahmad and other Muhaddiths narrated, “The woman who hurts her husband in this world, the Hoors (women of Jannah) will look at that woman and say, do not hurt him. He is only a guest of yours for a few days, he will soon leave you and come to us.”

Will be Grateful to the husband: The wife will be grateful to the husband, This is the other major responsibility of the wife.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Almighty Allah will not look at the woman, who does not acknowledge the gratitude of her husband, while she is not self-sufficient without her husband.” (Sunan-e-Nas’i)

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “I have seen hell several times, but I have never seen such a terrible sight as today. Among them, I saw more women. It was asked, O Messenger of Allah why? He said, because of their ungratefulness. It was asked, do they ungrateful to Allah? He said, No, the ungratefulness of the husband, do not acknowledge his gratitude. If you do Ihsan (justice) to any of them for ages, then one day if her desire is not fulfilled by you, She will say, I have not received any good from you till today. (Sahi Muslim) So the wife will always be grateful to the husband.

Good behavior with Husband: Treating well with husband is one of the keys to life happiness.

Among all the responsibilities or duties that husband and wife have towards each other, some important ones are highlighted.

Mutual duties

Among these duties are some which will be shared by both husband and wife.

If the wife is sick, the husband will take care of her and if the husband is sick wife will take care of the husband.

Both will share the responsibilities of child-rearing. Both of them will help each other together in doing the household chores (works).


I have discussed in this Short Article the responsibilities of husband and wife towards each other. If you follow them then much happiness and peace will come in family life. Inshallah.

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  1. What is the Major duty of a husband and wife?

    The foundation of any marriage is love and trust. Loving each other unconditionally is one of the major responsibilities of husband and wife.

  2. What are a wife’s responsibilities?

    The wife’s responsibilities are, She Loves her Husband, Will be Grateful to the husband, Will not sadness her husband, preparing food, and other personal needs. As a mother, she has to take care of the children and their needs, including education.

  3. What a husband should not do?

    Never stop showing your wife the ways that you love her, Never miss a chance to celebrate you and her, Never criticize, demean her, and Never withhold positive comments.

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